A Bridge too far or Sierra Leone’s new Abuja?

Abdulai Mansaray: Sierra Leone Telegraph: 30 June 2019:

There is no doubt that the world we live in today is full of complexities. But more to this, is the irrefutable fact that the world is increasingly becoming divided along several layers of the socio-economic strata – thanks to our political leaders who come in all shapes and sizes.

In the United States, Mr Trump has always resorted to the age old divide and rule, which at best is keeping the USA divided along racial and ideological fault lines. Mr Trump has conveniently used the symbolic wall to build divisions among Americans, which has now seen the emergence of white Supremacists wrapped with the colours of the American flag.

Trump has, to his advantage wrapped himself with the American flag, and called it patriotism as his mantra to “Make America Great Again”. In England, it’s the Brexiteers vs Remainers.

In Sierra Leone today, a similar trend is slowly emerging, whereby certain sections of society feel marginalised against others. Some call it tribalism or the “Mendelisation” of the Sierra Leone government.

This has not been lost on the current Bio government, which has made strides to address the kind of divisions that seem to permeate through our society. We saw how Bio invited stakeholders and other members of the opposition to State House in an attempt to quell any rumblings about the status quo.

The opposition attended but backtracked a few days later, describing the exercise as a whitewash. The government later initiated the Bintumani 3 Peace Conference; and true to form, the opposition put on a no show. You be the judge. But that does not mean that the SLPP has not had its own shortcomings.

President Bio has recently launched the bidding process for the Lungi Bridge. Irrespective of your political persuasion, you cannot deny the need for such a project. As a nation, we all acknowledge the need for a Lungi bridge. Nevertheless, the project has received criticism and approval from various sections of society in equal measure, and understandably so.

One of the key arguments put forward by the naysayers is the cost of building such a bridge. President Bio has gone out of his way to assure the public that this venture will not require a single shilling from the people and government of Sierra Leone. It has been touted as a project that will be modelled on a “build, operate and Transfer” (BOT) business model.

President Bio said that “We believe infrastructural investments should not burden the country with huge debt. They should be financed in a way that the public and future generations are not liable for that debt………So we are not going to build a bridge or an airport for which the people of Sierra Leone are going to pay back a high-interest loan for 10, 20, or 30 years. That simply does not make economic sense.” (Thesierraleonetelegraph.com -19/06/19).

You would expect that such a business model should calm the nerves of those who feel that this is a misplaced “priority”. They argue that Sierra Leone has more pressing needs like schools, hospitals, food security and other essentials that should take priority. You can hardly argue with that.

However, the need for an improved access to the Lungi Airport or an alternative to it has long been a nationally recognised need. That is why the previous EBK led APC government had blueprinted the Mamama Airport as a key component of its infrastructural development. A lot of background work and man hours had been used to draw up preliminary plans. It was all set to go until the electorate decided otherwise in March last year. It is a foregone conclusion that the need was a nationally accepted view, irrespective of one’s political persuasion.

The election of Bio and his government put paid to the Mamama airport project. Many people had felt that the project was financially unhealthy, while others felt that this project was simply shelved because the SLPP is reluctant to facilitate any project that is connected to the APC. But equally, many feel that the projected cost of $2 billion for a bridge is a lot of Leones and cents.

This is weighed against the estimated cost of $400 million for the Mamama Airport. You don’t need a master’s degree in Pythagoras Theorem to do the math. Both projects would require payments from the public to use them.

Let us attempt to take a look at both projects. The Mamama Airport, among other benefits would have relieved travellers of the tedious ferry journeys, which in most cases took as long as the flight times from overseas. We all know that much of Lungi’s relevance is tied to the Airport. Lungi is unfortunately regarded as a geographical appendage to Freetown, as if an afterthought by the Almighty.

But would the Mamama Airport have served as the death knell for Lungi, as we know it? We get fish and ….eh poyo from Lungi. Lungi has lovely beaches as well. Besides, Lungi is not only our only international airport and gateway to the rest of the world, but also a trunk route to one of our most important districts, Port Loko. So what would have become of Lungi, if the Airport was no longer a viable port of call – thanks to the Mamama airport?

A bridge to Lungi may sound like a better alternative to many, even though many have an issue with the cost, irrespective of the source of financing for the bridge. Interestingly, the bridge would not only account for smoother and shorter journeys to the airport, but will also open a lot of possibilities.

It is an open secret that Freetown is bursting at the seams. To describe Freetown as congested, overcrowded or overloaded does not begin to describe the current situation. The strain on services like water supply, waste management, sanitation and other public services are simply inadequate – thanks to the perennial factors of urbanisation and the internal migration that accompanied the displacement of people, after the civil war.

There is no doubt that Freetown is running out of space. We now see how most of the forested areas and virgin lands around the capital have been destroyed in the endless search for domiciliary purposes.

You just need to recall some of the factors that contributed to the infamous mudslide to appreciate the need for an outlet. We are also aware that in spite of transportation problems, many people are opting to build houses and relocate to Lungi. Among others, the town has a vast amount of flat land for building houses, lovely beaches to develop tourist friendly facilities, and could shorten the journeys to Guinea via Port Loko. You see?

When Nigeria faced a similar problem with over-congestion in Lagos, the people were up in arms when the federal government decided to move the capital from Lagos to Abuja. The cost and all the teething logistics of the relocation was a national flashpoint then. But Abuja has not only become a redemption in terms, but also a social valve for the ongoing population explosion. You don’t need a civics lesson to know that Nigeria is facing a population explosion. Freetown is not far from that.

So, is Lungi destined to be the new Abuja of Freetown in particular and Sierra Leone at large? How will the Lungi Bridge contribute to this new phenomenon? Don’t answer that.

We can all agree that the Lungi Bridge is necessary. The project is expected to generate about 5,000 Jobs during its construction – a welcome boost to our perennial unemployment problem. It will open up Lungi to business and tourism, as well as ease up the problems of congestion in Freetown.

Our airport will become easily accessible and save travellers from taking the scenic route, via Port Loko to Freetown, especially when the ferry service is down. An easy access to Lungi will provide a welcome Abuja for an already overcrowded Freetown Peninsula, with services that will promote decentralisation.

Having said that, if the cost of building the bridge, although at “no cost” to our country seems to be the sticking point of opinion, can the government address this by looking for shorter points between Freetown and Lungi? Do we need the bridge to follow the ferry route from Tagrin to Lungi?

There are a lot of estuaries along the coast of the ocean. We were taught that a straight line is the shortest distance between two points. Can we reduce the cost of the bridge by reducing its length?

If there are any estuary points along Hastings, Waterloo, etc. that could be shorter to connect the two, can these be considered? Connecting Lungi with a shorter bridge from any of these estuaries will require some further road construction to Lungi, but will it be cheaper in comparison?

In case you missed it, the IMF has demonstrated its vote of confidence by approving $21.6 Million, following a review of Sierra Leone’s economic performance under the JMB led government. But like any IMF pill, it comes with a side-effect. It will require the removal of subsidy on various consumer items like fuel, the withdrawal of massive tax waivers and call for prudent government spending and tough fiscal policy. The “aim is to create fiscal space for priority spending by strengthening revenue mobilisation, containing current spending and improving the efficiency of public investment” (thesierraleonetelegraph.com). The IMF recognises the “authorities more cautious medium term fiscal approach as appropriate, in the face fiscal risks and the challenging economic environment”.

Against the backdrop of such a mammoth cost for the Lungi Bridge, the coincidence of such a vote of confidence seems a demonstration of no concerns from the money men.

The hope is that Bio’s government would continue its restoration of confidence from our international Samaritans. (Photo: Author – Abdulai Mansaray).

While Donald Trump is busy building walls, EBK built roads, JMB wants to build bridges. The hope is that JMB and all the stakeholders can come together to build more economic, social and political bridges to knit back our country together.

You can do so by extending your hand – for bridges will burn, when the people and memories they join aren’t the same. If building a bridge does not enrich the awareness of those who work on it, then that bridge ought not to be built in the first place.

Let us cross the rivers of doubt and discouragement on the bridge of faith and hope, even before we get to them. With effort and hard work, we can construct the “bridge” that will connect our dreams to reality.

Will the Lungi Bridge lead to the new Abuja? Don’t wait to find out, get your two-town lot now.

Don’t forget to turn the lights out when you leave the room.

14 Comments

  1. Thank you for such a professional article. There should not be any negative comments from your analysis as it was well explained. Kudos Mr. Mansaray.

  2. Our priorities as a nation should be on basic human needs – clean running water, electricity, agriculture, good health and education. The good Lord gave Sierra Leone everything she needs to survive and thrive.

    She should be the richest country in the world! Why is she struggling? A bridge and a new airport will not solve our immediate problems. Since the people of Sierra Leone are not paying for the bridge, can all these things be done simultaneously?

  3. Honestly, Mr Mansaray did take his time to write the article. He spent time to explain the “Positives and Negatives” of both “the $400 million and $2 Billion projects”. But I don’t understand one thing at all – Who will pay for the bridge if it’ll be built?

  4. This article is well articulated and without doubt, it is obvious you did a thorough research. The socio economic advantage of the bridge project over the airport project is glarng. And if the govt has mapped out a financing plan that will not put any financial burden on the people, then let the opposition join hands with the govt of the day to see this bridge project through.

    • Could tunneling be a solution? I know that Elon Musk of California does futuristic tunneling under Los Angeles, also he makes high powered solar and batteries for electricity. It is worth asking him to partner with you for a factory there in SL. There is one in China now, after he reeived invitation.

      just a mom

  5. Additional to Mr. Mansary’s article, the bridge alone is not enough (just a starter) but should be combined with two tunnels; one connecting the City Center and the Peninsula Road (around the area of Beach Nr. 2) and the second one connecting Kissy Ferry Junction and the Peninsula Road (around the area of Sussex village).

    The starting point of the bridge on the Lungi side should be exactly where the present ferry landing point is located and in Freetown the Government Wharf.

    We then need an additional waterfront High Speed Road connecting Kissy Ferry Junction via Government Wharf to Lumley. New business investments along the Peninsula Road will become a reality. Imagine from Tokeh Village to the airport in less than an hour. Debt will be high but the Dividends for our country will be much higher.

    Political thunderstorm not necessary…….if one is jealous that someone alone could get the merit for this project, then form a National Government with progressive political allies. Cost too high?? ……then let’s stop corruption and professionalize our institutions…..then we could be in the position to service any debt burden!!

    Improvements in Electricity, Agriculture, Health and Vocational Education should not be left far behind. Finally, development is a process and we just have to invest heavily in our future.

    • Anthony I actually agree with the starting point from Lungi…but government wharf, think its might just be too far and probably cost more. Like Mansaray stated, there are areas around the Eastern coastline where you can practically see Targrin terminal. Why not construct the bridge to those shorter points and save cost. By the way the waterfront highway is also a must.

  6. You write well, with researched facts to back your assertions. But I give you F for how started your piece. Leading with the brainwashed canard of the Big Bad Trump, earns you the loss of 50% of potential readers. They will switch off. I nearly did.
    Because I support Trump, warts and all.

    I am Black, used to be Democrat now Independent because my eyes got opened. Trump, a very flawed person in many ways,is a leader America and the world needed at this juncture of history. It will all become clearer soon. Patience.

    BTW, let me tell you Trump never used the word “Shithole” about Africa; and why Senator Durbin came out of the closed door meeting and lied about Trump using the word; and why despite Trump denying, etc the MSM ensured that the world latched on to this epithet. I used this episode to illustrate a bit of the tectonic war gong on in America and those who feel they can’t afford to allow Trump to succeed!

    Like I said, patience, all in good time.

    • Thanks Mr Shosholoza, but my primary teacher will not be happy with you, for giving me “F”for my opening slant. Never mind, keep the comments coming and have a conversation. Salone business na all man business. That was the idea: the big conversation.

  7. “In the United States, Mr Trump has always resorted to the age-old divide and rule, which at best is keeping the USA divided along racial and ideological fault lines”

    What you call “age old divide and rule”, is what propels America. It is the engine that drives America. And when people single out Trump as being the one using this so called “age old divide and rule” to divide America racially and ideologically, it shows how naive people are about America.

    I said “so called” because there is nothing old about it. There is a company in America called Dunkin Donuts – they sell hot coffee, donuts, and other on-the-fly breakfast food stuffs. Their motto is “America runs on dunkin”. Each time you watch one of their advertisement, it always concludes with “America runs on Dunkin”. Like this company, America runs on what you call “age old divide and rule”.

    Every single American president (everyone of them) uses this so called “age old divide and rule” but in a subterranean way. They employ manipulation and subtlety to delude their observers or listeners. And this for me is more dangerous.

    The racial and ideological divide has being there way before there was even a thought about Trump. In a sense of speaking, the racial and ideological divide of America has grown into a giant Iroko tree, whose branches are spread all over the Earth.

    Birds of all sorts make their way to the tree to to find food. Some are carnivorous, others are omnivorous, and some are herbivorous. Some are not afraid to show their dirty laundry in public while others move in a subterranean fashion hiding deeds. Shakespeare said it best in his book (Julius Caesar):

    “Would he were fatter! But I fear him not. Yet if my name were liable to fear, I do not know the man I should avoid. So soon as that spare Cassius. He reads much. He is a great observer, and he looks quite through the deeds of men. He loves no plays, As thou dost, Antony. He hears no music. Seldom he smiles, and smiles in such a sort, as if he mocked himself and scorned his spirit. That could be moved to smile at anything. Such men as he be never at heart’s ease. Whiles they behold a greater than themselves, And therefore are they very dangerous”

    Now, Trump is the embodiment of America in a more revealing way for the world to see. I can almost predict what Trump reaction would be to something than I could have in the case of Barak Obama or any of his predecessors. So you see, you are barking at the wrong tree.

    Your finger pointing should be at America as a nation for fostering this what you call “age old divide and rule. Don’t delude yourselves in focusing on individual character like Trump because the next president who will assume the office of the presidency, will do even worse; but I bet you he/she will be more subtle and politically correct, and appealing to your senses that you will will call them great.

    On the issue of the bridge, I do not think it is bad for people to raise concern on certain things deemed a red flag. And I also believe some of the concerns surrounding the construction of the bridge as outlined in your article, are legitimate concerns. Things like: the cost to construct the bridge; How will the nation pay for the construction of the bridge etc…

    These are all legitimate concerns given our history. But how we take and address these concerns is an entirely different story. I am happy for the fact that we are starting to make moves. But often when we talk about Africa’s development in general, I always ask this question: what price are we willing to pay for development? Right now, I think we are making lot of moves out of desperation or submitting to what is being dictated to us by others. Therefore I ask the question “what price are you willing to pay for development?”

    However, this thing of us taking money from the IMF, we have to do away with. IMF continues to shower Sierra Leone or President Bio’s administration with praise but continues to pour in more and more money. That for me is troubling. We all know damn well that there is nothing free in this world, so what deals or favor is the government signing with them over all the millions they are pouring into Sierra Leone?

    • Thanks Davoice for your eloquent analysis like. Sadly, I am struggling to see where we differ in opinion. You seem to agree with everything expressed in the article, but come across as if you disagree. Thanks for buttressing my very thoughts and view points.

  8. The policy makers in Sierra Leone should find a way to get in contact with Hong Kong and discuss the Hong Kong experience in managing their Airport and its relations with Hong Kong Island, China mainland, other nearby Islands, and the rest of the world.

    Many years ago I saw some of it myself. In this context, as far as I know, Hong Kong manages far more air transportation with the rest of the world than Sierra Leone.

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