President Bio’s government is ineffective with a 40% pass mark – says MCC report

Sierra Leone Telegraph: 11 November 2021:

The US government backed Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) has published its 2022 Scorecard which assesses the performance of countries that are receiving or expecting to receive financial support for development.

On Monday 8 November 2021, President Dr Julius Maada Bio received his official copy of the 2022  MCC Scorecard from U.S. ambassador David Reimer, which shows Sierra Leone recording its third consecutive pass after its first year of Compact Development.

But for many Sierra Leoneans the report has left many questions unanswered, amid much confusion as to the accuracy of the results.

Established in 2004, the Millennium Challenge Account (MCA) is a US government’s foreign assistance program designed to reduce poverty in developing countries through sustainable economic growth. Every year, the MCC Board of Directors meets to select countries as eligible to develop a proposal for MCA assistance. MCC’s assistance offers selected countries an opportunity to identify their own priorities for achieving sustainable economic growth and poverty reduction. Once selected as eligible, a country conducts an economic analysis and undertakes the process of developing a proposal for funding in broad consultation with its own citizens.

MCC teams work in partnership with eligible countries to refine their compact proposals in order to ensure the programs’ focus on poverty reduction through sustainable economic growth. Proposed compacts also describe how the country plans to manage and implement its MCA program, including how it will ensure financial accountability, transparency, and fair and open procurement, as well as how it will measure results.

What is the MCC 2022 Country Performance Scorebook?

The 2022 Country Performance Scorebook is the nineteenth publication of country performance data since the establishment of MCC. According to the MCC, the Scorebook presents information on country performance on independent and transparent indicators developed by third-parties that measure countries’ demonstrated commitment to just and democratic governance, investments in the people of a country, and economic freedom. These indicators inform the Board of Directors, MCC staff, Congress, and the Administration of candidate countries’ broad policy framework for encouraging poverty reduction through economic growth.

The MCC says it hopes this can also be a tool for citizens, civil society organizations, journalists, the private sector, and governments around the world to monitor performance and advocate for continued policy reform.

This year’s Scorebook includes data on 81 countries (66 candidates and 15 countries that meet the income parameters for candidacy but are statutorily prohibited from receiving assistance), including countries that were eligible in previous years for compact or threshold assistance. A country is determined to be a candidate for MCA funding if its per capita income falls within predetermined parameters set by Congress and if it is not subject to certain restrictions on U.S. foreign assistance.

In selecting compact and threshold eligible countries, MCC’s Board evaluates: 1) candidate countries’ performance on the policy indicators, 2) the opportunity for economic growth and poverty reduction, and 3) the availability of funds. If MCC has worked with a country on a previous threshold program or compact, MCC’s Board also takes into consideration performance on the initial program.

The 2022 Country Performance Scorebook measures performance on the policy criteria mandated in MCC’s authorizing legislation. By using information collected from independent third-party sources, MCC’s country selection process allows for an objective, comparable analysis across candidate countries.

The following indicators are measured by MCC in the three categories of Ruling Justly, Investing in People, and Encouraging Economic Freedom.

With a population of 7,977,000 and Gross National Income Per Capita of $490, So how well has Sierra Leone performed?


Encouraging Economic Freedom

These indicators measure the extent to which a government encourages economic freedom, including a demonstrated commitment to economic policies that: encourage individuals and firms to participate in global trade and international capital markets, promote private sector growth and the sustainable management of natural resources, and strengthen market forces s in the economy:

Fiscal Policy Score 27%

Inflation Score 18%

Regulatory Quality Score 44%

Trade Policy Score 51%

Gender in the Economy Score 36%

Land Rights and Access Score 40%

Access to Credit Score 24%

Business Start-Up Score 71%

Ruling Justly

These indicators measure just and democratic governance, including a country’s demonstrated commitment to promoting political pluralism, equality, and the rule of law; respecting human and civil rights; protecting private property rights; encouraging transparency and accountability of government; and combating corruption:

Political Rights Score 92%

Civil Liberties Score 92%

Government Effectiveness Score 40%

Rule of Law Score 63%

Freedom of Information Score 90%

Control of Corruption Score 83%

Investing in People

These indicators measure investments in the promotion of broad-based primary education, strengthened capacity to provide quality public health, the reduction of child mortality, and the sustainable management of natural resources:

Health Expenditures Score 61%

Primary Education Expenditures Score 92%

Natural Resource Protection Score 58%

Immunization Rates Score 74%

Girls’ Primary Education Completion Rate Score 67%

Child Health Score 17%


President Bio’s SLPP government has been in power since 2018, and there is no doubt there has been some progress in the country, especially in prioritising basic education across the country.

But what many in Sierra Leone would find rather shocking, are the more than average scores given to the government by the MCC for its performance on Political Rights (Score 92%); Civil Liberties (Score 92% ); Rule of Law (Score 63%);  Freedom of Information (Score 90%); and Control of Corruption (Score 83%).

Although the MCC quite rightly gave the government a deserving low mark of 40% on “Government Effectiveness”, serious questions are being raised as to how the government could have received those very high Ruling Justly scores, after the government’s appalling display of human rights abuses – the killing of dozens of unarmed prisoners at Pademba Road in Freetown, the killing in cold blood of several protesting youths in Makeni and Tombo, as well as shutting down of the political space by creating political tension in the country.

The government’s appalling performance in administering and delivering justice, its poor performance in enforcing law and order, as well as the massive electoral malpractices seen in Sierra Leone since 2018 which the European Union commented upon recently, should have sounded alarm bells for the MCC to take serious note.

For more information regarding the Millennium Challenge Scorecard please click here:



  1. I personally believe that any PATRIOTIC Sierra Leonean should be celebrating this wonderful back to back news within the 3 years of the New Direction government. Integrity and Credibility is paramount for our nation. But as always, there is room for improvement in other areas that have challanges.

  2. Henceforth we should stop paying any attention to the MCC report to save ourselves from frustration, anger ,sadness and stress, each of which could lead to poor health. As a people we know what we face everyday in the real world, MCC operates from another planet which is outside our solar system. The MCC board is in urgent need of self examination before attempting to examine the reality of things in Sierra Leone in the future – economically, politically and socially. It’s even baffling for MCC to regard forty percent as a pass mark; is it forty percent over fifty percent or it’s forty percent over a hundred percent. We need some answers and foot notes.

    The whole idea of an MCC scorecard should even be seen by Sierra Leoneans as a national humiliation. For heaven’s sake, why is it that after more than sixty years of so-called independence outsiders are the ones telling us what to do ? We have no sense of national pride and that’s why Bio is excited to be rated at forty percent by a foreign based organisation. Our only hope of rudely putting an end to all this international meddling in our daily lives is to elect someone who has both personal and national pride , and who also understand the international community. And that person is no other than Dr Kandeh Yomkella. It’s about time we cured ourselves of our mental problem.

  3. I think looking at the scorecard and metrics use in ariving at a particular judgement and the criteria and huddles a country has to jump to meet the desired requirements for an MCC green pass, the 40% score given on governance effectiveness is culmination and admissions that by any standards or judgements made against this Bio government, his government have been an almighty failure on all front.But the American diplomat has to be a diplomat. Its is not his job to act like the leader of the opposition. We should stop sugar-coating it and call it as it is. It would do our country no good if we continued to lie to ourselves. We’ve been down this road before. It all looks familiar territory, because as far as the ordinary Sierra Leonean are concerned nothing have changed for the better. Bio’s elections to the presidency is like a category five hurricane hitting our shores with no warning signs in place. Dazed and confused we are still waking up to that unavoidable reality.

    If anything, our Country have slid back to what we have grown used to, grinding porverty and unimaginable suffering that have left many families up and down the country not knowing where their next meal is coming from. The recent Tanker explosion is an indication of how our youths are increasingly becoming desperate for survival in Bio’s Sierra Leone.May their souls rest in peace. Because when it comes to governance effectiveness, it becomes the whole canopy of cover used to judge every indicators of how a government is doing in dilivery of services to its people and protecting them from harm’s way.

    Taken all together, security, respect of human rights, free press , the rule of law, enhancing of human capital development, tackling corruption, tribalism, nepotism, respect of private ownership, especially in the Freetown peninsula, land ownership, creating political openness where by the opposition can flourish and able to make an alternative argument to government policies without being labelled enemies of the state, and being brutal and honest with the people that voted you in to office, and being transparent and accountable for your actions, and respecting the independence of the judiciary, and not politicised the Sierra-leone police, and the Republic of Sierra Leone Armed forces, and stop undermining this great institutions by creating a rival private militia, if all of the above are respected, they are the corner stones for which a country’s performance can be rated. Not this over rated report as this MCC scorecard seems to suggest.

  4. The high scores for political freedom and human rights is shocking and untrue. Someone, somewhere think he is covering up for this government to protect it from future responsibilities for those abuses. It’s disgusting travesty.

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