Sam Sumana returns home – a prodigal son or spanner in the works?

Abdulai Mansaray

Sierra Leone Telegraph: 15 April 2017

The much anticipated return of the erstwhile vice president Sam Sumana to the shores of Sierra Leone is finally here with us. Prior to his return to Freetown, there were a lot of tongues wagging. Speculations are now rife about the how, when and what – of the whole debacle. According to reports, his official diplomatic passport was seized by the authorities, as he arrived at Lungi Airport this Thursday, 13th of April, 2017.

Many would recall that after his election by the APC party as a running mate for the Presidential elections in 2012, he was duly appointed as the Vice President of the Republic of Sierra Leone. During his tenure as the second gentleman of the state, many saw his role as mere ceremonial, with no political clout.

A lot of rumours, scandals and undesirable column inches racked up significant mileage about his political and business dealings in the local media as VP. And one of the most talked about scandals was his involvement in the “Timbergate affair”, when he was alleged to have arranged the sale and export of timber – contrary to government restrictions. (Photo: President Koroma – left; and Sam Sumana – right).

The breakdown of relationship between the first and second gentlemen of the nation had been an open secret for some time. It came to a head in March 2015, when the VP was sacked from his position. According to reports at the time, President Ernest Bai Koroma had dismissed him because he had “abandoned” his duties.

The governing All People’s Congress had expelled Mr Sam-Sumana from the party, after accusing him of fuelling violence, and trying to form a breakaway party in his home district of Kono. He denied those allegations.

The office of the President said at the time, that Vice-President Samuel Sam-Sumana “has been sacked for seeking political asylum in a foreign embassy”. While many believe that the VP can be removed only through a parliamentary impeachment, Mr Koroma reportedly said he had the “constitutional authority” to dismiss him.

It was no exaggeration to say that this debacle lead to one of the biggest constitutional crisis that the country had seen in recent years. Deciphering such constitutional gymnastics is beyond my pay grade, so I will humbly leave that with the constitutional wordsmiths to deal with that.

While many took sides and pitched their political tents on either side, Sam Sumana made a quick getaway to one of our ECOWAS cousins, where he lodged a case against the government. At present, Sam Sumana is requesting $250 million dollars as damages, in recompense for his dismissal.

Sam Sumana returned home this week and according to him, to register his intention to vote next year and contest the presidential election. In the meantime, there are a lot of people who are wondering whether he has returned as a prodigal son, or as a cat among the pigeons.

Reports have it that upon arrival at Lungi Airport on Thursday, 14th of April, 2017, the former VP was asked to surrender his diplomatic passport. This effectively decapitates him from any of the privileges that go with the office. It is this developing story that seems to occupy the minds of Sierra Leoneans, as we celebrate the death and ascension of our lord Jesus Christ.

Any coincidence here? Is Sam Sumana ready to rise again from the political ashes? You bet. But here is the problem. It is no secret that as the APC grapples with its selection or election process of the party’s presidential candidate, you could bet your last dollar that this was the last thing the party could have wished for.

While the presidential aspirants have been jostling for positions in the limelight, there is no doubt that a lot of acrimony would be festering in the political corridors of the APC. But as we know too well, no matter how disunited the APC may look at present, it always comes out with a semblance of a united party in the end. That has always been the irredeemable feature of the APC party.

Unlike the APC, SLPP has been good with washing their laundry in public. While the APC party has always succeeded in keeping everyone in line – irrespective of their personal political ambitions, the SLPP has been seen as quick to put personal ambitions above the interest of the party.

This is not a criticism and I am sure that my friends will not thank me for this; but the SLPP has always demonstrated its penchant to attract chaos. It is no wonder that the SLPP regularly attracts headlines like “SLPP in court”…, “SLPP in Peace Meeting”…, “SLPP chairman this…, “SLPP frontrunner that…”.

There are a lot of political connoisseurs who feel frustrated by these shenanigans, and see this unending disunity as the main Achilles heel of the party. But if you are wondering about the state of play at the SLPP headquarters, spare a thought for what the APC will face with the return of the SAM.

There seems to be a lot of options for Sam at present, but running under the APC is not one of them. He was expelled by the party, remember? Will he form a breakaway party – as initially accused by his party? Will he cross the Rubicon and join the SLPP?

And just out of my wild imagination – he decides to join the SLPP, will he be a welcome guest as their presidential candidate? NO. Will he form an Alliance Party of the Disgruntled?

There is no doubt that the eventual declaration of the respective Presidential candidates will leave a lot of sore heads among our main political parties. There is going to be a lot of political horse trading, carpet crossing and disappointments after the parties have nominated, selected or elected their official flag bearers in the next few months.

Meanwhile, there are some people who believe that the APC party, irrespective of its seeming internal political combustion is a well-oiled machine. And that it would require a formidable coalition (Gambian Style) to wrestle power from its grip.

If that is the situation, are we on the brink of witnessing the birth of a Third Political Party – as some of us had toyed with the idea some time ago? If Sam cannot return to the APC, and if he is not welcome to SLPP, what are his options? Will it be a coalition of the disaffected?

Your guess is as good as mine. One thing is sure though; he is bound to bring along some supporters from both sides of the aisle with him. How will that factor in the current political climate?

He may or may not have the required clout to break the backs of our main parties. But will he do enough to prevent an outright winner in the end? Will that lead to election run offs? Hey, forgive me for my wild imaginations – it’s a new moon.

Sam Sumana has returned home. The APC would be well advised to leave him alone, or risk incurring the wrath of a percentage of the disaffected populace. But let’s face it, what did Sam do for the people of Kono during his tenure of office?

When he lost his VP position, his supporters presented him as victim. This was especially so in his home district of Kono, where many likened him to their son of the soil being victimized. The sympathy he received was primarily fuelled by nothing other than being a son of the soil and what many saw as the dictatorial tendencies of a political party on steroids.

While the President had been musing about his next move following his dismissal, Diana Konomanyi was rumoured as the prospective VP. It was not surprising that she was tagged as the Kono sister who betrayed her Kono brother, by the Sam brigade. I hasten to add that these accusations had no foundation of truth in the matter. (Photo: Diana – left; Koroma – right).

But the worst the APC could do is to paint a situation where others will see him as hounded or victimised by the APC. Any attempt to persecute or chase him down, will surely swell his sympathy vote. We all know that Kono District is the Ohio of Sierra Leone in election terms.

The voting has traditionally been one way. It has either been APC or SLPP all the way – no half measures.  But as many of us know, politics is fast becoming the art of choosing between the disastrous and the unpalatable.

And if the current political wind of change that is blowing across the world is anything to go by – as we saw in America, The Gambia, Brexit, etc, it looks like elections are won chiefly because most people vote against somebody rather than for somebody. So blowing off another’s candle won’t make yours shine brighter.

The voter registration is reportedly on course. Bravo. For those who have not registered, please do so. Registering to vote should not be seen as a partisan activity. Remember that to make democracy work, we must be a nation of participants, not simply observers.

One who does not vote has no right to complain. But as we exercise our democratic duties, we need to be wary of those who will promise to build a bridge even where there is no river, or those who will have you believe that foxes have a sincere interest in prolonging the lives of the poultry.

So Sam is back. Prodigal son or Portoh Portoh don kaytch fire? Don’t forget to turn the lights off before you leave the room.


  1. Violence by any means or colour is unfortunate. It is also unfortunate that Karamoh Kabba chooses his own backyard Kono, as his playground for violence. Has he forgotten that a child’s head will never be too big for it’s mother’s back? So where does he hope to go after politics? He is fast becoming the Eunuch in “things fall apart”, and looks like he is crying more than the bereaved.

  2. The most attractive part of the article for me is in its forthrightness in holding that A.P.C. are far better organised and united than S.L.P.P. This is why in a straight fight S.L.P.P. have always been outwitted, outmanoeuvred and outflanked by A.P.C.

    A.P.C. fights to win, even if this means getting into bed with the devil or ruthlessly hitting somebody below the belt. The behaviour of A.P.C. can be likened to that of “Arwo” men and women ( secret society members ); they settle everything in the bush. When they face the public dissent is not allowed even though some may be boiling with anger. All codes of discipline are to be observed by all as laid down by the party’s constitution.

    The latest victim of A.P.C.’s disciplinary measures was Ibrahim Bundu, whose political career is slowly exploding in his face. Personally I see it as a well deserved riddance for the role he played as leader of his party in parliament in stifling the audit report on Ebola funds. Reliable sources have it that a stray cat would dislodge him from his constituency in the next election – so be it.

    S.L.P.P. on the other hand do not even have respect for their own formulated structures. Everybody wants to be leader out of crude megalomania. But when one looks at their history since the passing of Sir Milton there should be no surprise there. This is largely responsible for their crushing defeat by Siaka Stevens in the 1967 general elections, whereupon they completely lost their balance, a fact which has plagued them to this day.

    I have always maintained that S.L.P.P. ought to go to the graveside of Sir Milton to ask for forgiveness for defying him in 1964 before his passing to allow the premiership to shift to the north should he not recover from his illness. That was classic farsighted vision which would have prevented the fragmentation of the party and stop Siaka Stevens from becoming Prime Minister and visit on us untold suffering.

    I believe Sam Sumana would in the end step back from his dagger-drawn position in the name of the survival of A.P.C.,especially if he is promised a position where he would earn more than being vice president. At the forefront in the effort to appease him would be his Kono sister – first lady Sia Koroma.

    I have to end by reiterating how much I detest the two parties (S.L.P.P. and A.P.C ); they are one and the same. How I wish a third party would rise and send both of them to the dustbin of history.

    Can somebody tell what opposition S.L.P.P. have mounted in the last decade?

  3. In krio proverb we often refer to this situation as “John soup throw way pan john ress”, meaning “John pour some soup over his own rice”, which in reality is not an issue. The former Vice President signed an agreement with the APC which to some extent is a “secret society”. So he has to live with the consequences.

    Why should he even dream of the tax payer paying him $250 million in damages, which is not even present in the coffers of the government. So I will advise him to visit his circus (APC office) to resolve some of the issues with the clowns (Party members), because as far as I am concerned this government is a joke.

    My advice to the former Vice President is to try your best to spend the rest of your life with your family, in the house you built from the stolen money from the citizens of this poor nation, like the former Vice President (S.I Koroma ) did, instead of extending your circus to the Ecowas court house.

  4. ‪Without any iota of doubt, Chief Alhaji Sam Sumana has clearly shown his character to even the doubters that he is a man of peace and a Statesman.‬ Despite his castigation by some unscrupulous elements in Sierra Leone for some ulterior motives, his return to exercise his civic duties is commendable. It shows he has no skeleton in his closet and he’s not a quitter.‬

    It’s however paradoxical for a junior Minister labelled Karamoh Kabba to keep inciting violence by deliberately provoking the Elected Vice President’s supporters. This Minister has been seen with few armed officers tearing welcome messages prepared by his supporters in the Vice President’s home, Kono District.

    This is regrettable, callous, ill-conceived and irresponsible of a junior Government Minister. I only hope the Sierra Leone Government will give him a thorough reprimand for his cowboy acts or in local parlance ‘gboss gboss en alhaki’ acts. ‬

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