World Bank confirms economic downturn in Sub-Saharan Africa

Sierra Leone Telegraph: 11 October 2020:

Driven by the economic fallout of the COVID-19 global pandemic, growth in Sub-Saharan Africa is predicted to fall to -3.3 percent in 2020, pushing the region into its first recession in 25 years, according to the latest regional economic analysis Africa’s Pulse: Charting the Road to Recovery.

The pandemic could also drive up to 40 million people into extreme poverty in Africa in 2020, erasing at least five years of progress in fighting poverty.

With over a million reported COVID cases across the continent, the pandemic is still not under control in Sub-Saharan Africa. Some governments, notably Senegal and Mauritius, have acted rapidly to reduce the spread of infections; however successful containment measures come with a high economic cost, as has been seen across the globe.

Albert Zeufack, a Cameroonian national, is the World Bank’s Africa Region Chief Economist.

“The road to recovery may be long, and it may be steep, but prioritizing policy actions and investments that address the challenge of creating more, better and inclusive jobs will pave the way for a faster, stronger and inclusive recovery for African countries,” said Albert Zeufack, World Bank Chief Economist for the Africa regions.

Nigeria’s real GDP contracted by 6.1 percent year-on-year in the second quarter of 2020—the worst result in more than a decade.

South Africa, operating under severe containment measures, saw its real GDP contract by 17.1 percent year-on-year in the second quarter of 2020. Angola, Sub-Saharan Africa’s second largest oil producer after Nigeria, saw its economy contract by 1.8 percent year-on-year in the first quarter of 2020.

The decline in growth has been stronger among metals exporters where real GDP is expected to contract by six percent, partly reflecting the large drop in output in South Africa. Among oil exporters, after expanding by 1.5 percent in 2019, real GDP is projected to fall by more than four percent in 2020, owing to contractions in Angola and Nigeria.

In contrast, for non-resource-intensive countries, the decline in growth in 2020 is expected to be moderate, on average. In several non-resource-intensive countries, including Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, and Kenya, growth is expected to slow substantially, but remain positive, owing to their more diversified economies.

Meanwhile, the tourism-dependent economies, especially those of Cabo Verde, Mauritius and the Seychelles, experienced a sharp contraction as exceptionally weak international tourism severely impacted the service sector.

The substantial downturn in economic activity will cost the region at least $115 million in output losses this year. Gross domestic product per capita growth is expected to contract by nearly 6.0 percent, in part caused by lower domestic consumption and investment brought on by containment measures to slow the spread of the coronavirus.

“Although the pandemic is not over and the persistence and spread of the virus is uncertain, African governments have started putting in place policies and programs to support an inclusive and sustainable post-pandemic recovery,” said Hafez Ghanem, World Bank Vice President for Eastern and Southern Africa. “Countries are putting in place policies and programs that help create jobs and accelerate economic transformation to reduce the economic impact of the pandemic now, and build the capabilities needed to ensure inclusive economic growth in the future.”

Africa’s Pulse notes that the road to recovery will also require massive investments across countries, as well as financial support from the international community, and recommends a bold reform agenda that includes policies that create fiscal space, along with policies to speed up job creation.

Several countries, including South Africa, Nigeria, and Ethiopia, have already begun implementing long-needed reforms in energy and telecommunications spurred by the current crisis, and 25 percent of African firms have accelerated the use of digital technology and increased investments in digital solutions.

By mid-September, 46 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa had put in place 166 social protection measures—with social assistance representing 84 percent of these measures. Social protection programs have proven to be a critical tool to mitigate the social impact of the pandemic.

“As COVID-19 continues to put substantial pressure on Western and Central African economies, it is important for policymakers to create the infrastructure necessary for rapid recovery,” said Ousmane Diagana, World Bank Vice President for Western and Central Africa. “Strong policies create the critical cornerstone for sustained, inclusive recovery and improved resilience to shocks.”

The World Bank Group, one of the largest sources of funding and knowledge for developing countries, is taking broad, fast action to help developing countries strengthen their pandemic response.

“We are supporting public health interventions, working to ensure the flow of critical supplies and equipment, and helping the private sector continue to operate and sustain jobs. We will be deploying up to $160 billion in financial support over 15 months to help more than 100 countries protect the poor and vulnerable, support businesses, and bolster economic recovery. This includes $50 billion of new IDA resources through grants and highly concessional loans,” says the World Bank.

READ THE REPORT HERE:

Africa’s Pulse Vol 22 – October 2020

1 Comment

  1. No one can underestimate the effect of COVID19 on the our African economies. One of the greatest FEARS of this disease is FEAR itself. Unless and until a vaccine is found there is little anyone can do. That is why I am suggesting to president Bio and the finance minister Saffa to come up with a workable economic plan that will dig us out of the mess we found ourselves. Because we know the disease is still out there wrecking havoc even to well resourced advanced economies like the United States and Europe. The strict lock down that froze economic activity, thereby denying government much needed tax revenues and the implementation of social distancing, provided a negative economic outlook to our already moribund struggling economy.

    With the added burden of corruption amongst those entrusted to dig us out of the hole we are already in, makes early economic recovery a distant pipe dream. The fall in demand for export of raw materials, and a weak agricultural sector, and the travel restrictions put in place by Western countries to a country like ours that partially depends on the tourist trade to bring the much needed hard currency, have decimated that Industry and there by putting many workers out of job. The impact on families across the country is unimaginable. It removes the life line for any economic sustainability there by driving more families to abject poverty.

    The much touted stimulus package the government promises for local small and medium size businesses to help mitigate the impact the lockdown has came rather too late for some. The COVID19 pandemic also put a lot of nurses and health workers at risk. It made them economically inactive. And for some of these public workers that are sometimes holding down three jobs just to keep them afloat, and supporting their families, the strict lockdown all but wiped out what ever savings they had for a rainy day. May God bless Sierra Leone

Tell us about your views

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.