Has president Bio acquiesced to AU, ECOWAS and Commonwealth led peace talks

Jarrah Kawusu-Konte: Sierra Leone Telegraph: 8 September 2023:

According to sources, President Julius Maada Bio has grudgingly agreed to participate in peace talks with the main opposition All Peoples Congress (APC) party. This follows the acrimonious outcome of the June 24 presidential elections in which he was controversially declared the winner by Mohamed Konneh, head of the Electoral Commission of Sierra Leone (ECSL).

The APC, led by its presidential candidate, Dr Samura Kamara, had rejected the results, calling Konneh’s declaration of the incumbent President Bio as the winner an electoral coup.

Several independent local and international observers had also raised ‘serious concerns over the tabulation process’, which they say lacked transparency. The result itself was deemed to be at variance with what the National Elections Watch (NEW)’s Tally showed.

According to the Executive Secretary of the Independent Peace Commission, Hawa Samai, President Julius Maada Bio had no objection to the APC inviting the AU, ECOWAS and Commonwealth to mediate the political stalemate. It is also reported that all three bodies have agreed to participate in resolving the current impasse.

International condemnation of the tabulation of results and the failure of the ECSL to publish the disaggregated results have now reached boiling point with the recent US visa ban against individuals ‘responsible for undermining democracy and the electoral process in Sierra Leone’.

Aside the fact that additional names would be added to the visa restrictions list as and when new evidence against individuals responsible for undermining democracy and the electoral process in Sierra Leone emerges, it is believed the move by the US is the beginning of a raft of measures the greatest country on earth plans to take against those responsible for subverting the will of the people in the June polls.

It could be recalled that the US Government was among those who had expressed concern over irregularities in the results that were announced by the ECSL. The ECSL result stands discredited owing to the serious differences between its results versus the one announced by NEW’s parallel vote tabulation.

The inconsistencies that were analysed by domestic and international observers showed that it was improbable for any of the two leading candidates to secure an outright victory without a run off . “All of these things raise questions in our mind, not just the United States, but really all over the world about the integrity of the official results,” the outgone US Ambassador David Reimer said in a recent interview with Radio Democracy 98.1.

Despite calls by the US and other development partners for an investigation to be conducted by an independent outside body to look at the results of the elections announced by ECSL, the government remains defiant.

President Bio himself is reported to have said that no international body has any rights to interfere with the national politics of Sierra Leone. “We have never done that to the European Union, we have not done that to the United States when they had problems to the point of attacking the Capitol, that’s their democracy, their democracy is with guns. This is our own country. Let’s take care of ourselves, but it is also not fair, and it is unfortunate that some of you out there as civil society keep quiet on certain misrepresentations. We have to take stands for them to respect us, I know them,” he said.

As a result of this recalcitrant attitude by the Bio administration, the United States Secretary of State, Anthony Blinken last week slammed a new visa restriction policy for those who, he maintained, undermined the democratic process in the June 2023 Sierra Leone elections.

He noted that under the policy, the United States will pursue visa restrictions for those believed to be responsible for or complicit in undermining democracy in Sierra Leone including through the manipulation or rigging of the electoral process and the intimidation of voters and elections observers.

To compound an already dire situation, Sarah Van Horne, Public Affairs Officer at the US Embassy in Freetown pointed out in an interview with Radio Democracy 98.1 that, “We are examining all our government-to-government programmes. These conversations are ongoing, and we have nothing new to announce currently,”

Now, Sierra Leone stands to miss out on the MCC compact development process which has been put on hold as a result of the Bio administration’s recalcitrance to allow an independent audit as well as calls for the release of the elections results by polling stations.

But it appears as if some senior members of the government have started smelling the coffee. Few days ago, Managing Editor of The Global Times, Sorie Fofana urged President Bio to engage in quiet diplomacy to handle such a complex issue, because, as he rightly noted, Sierra Leone cannot afford to pick an open fight with the US Government, especially when considering the great influence, the US has over decisions taken by the Bretton Wood Institutions like IMF and the World Bank.

It is for this reason, some pundits have opined, that the president has decided to sit together with the main opposition APC to settle whatever differences they might have regarding the June 24 presidential, parliamentary and local council elections.



  1. Brigadier (Rtd) Bio is either a very brave man or a foolish man. History shall judge, which of the above is the truth. The U.S is the world hegemon, as such they can sanction powerful countries, such as Russia and China. Furthermore, in international diplomacy, hints and gestures have to be scrutinised, to ascertain their true meaning. It is a pity that by being inured to violence and abuse of power, we do not recognise the subtleties of international diplomacy. No, the Americans do not need to do a Lahai Leema or the vain posturing of Jacob Saffa; such actions are based on primitive and barbaric attitudes which reflect the perpetrator’s perspective. Speak softly and carry a big stick is the motto of the U.S. The Americans do not forget and while Maada Bio is safe for now, as Ernest has weakened all state institutions to the extent that he cannot be challenged. The west has a long memory.

  2. Talks and mediation are the only way out the quagmire in which we have found ourselves. Intransigence would yield no fruits other than a continuation of the decline of mother Sierra Leone totally. The country has no stamina to withstand any prolonged isolation from the rest of the world, particularly those on whom we humiliatingly rely for its everyday survival.

    Maada Bio took a nasty step when he challenged the West, even questioning their democratic credentials. It was a moment of unhinged thinking – let us call it a lack of common sense; there are certain things that are best discussed or said behind tightly closed doors to subject them to deniability. Now Bio is swimming against an unrelenting tide. And he knows it.

    Outward demeanor can be quite deceptive. Maada Bio and his ECSL head , Mohammed Konneh, are into that realm at the moment; they’re soaking up tremendous pressure inwardly, but outwardly putting on the mask of not being perturbed. But as they slowly start to understand the true meaning of international isolation, backed by a restless local population, their stubbornness will crumble.

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