“Justice delayed is justice denied: Same applies to democracy” says EU report on Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone Telegraph: 31 October 2021:

The European Union’s Election Follow-up Mission to Sierra Leone last week published a damning statement about Sierra Leone judiciary’s  neutrality in administering electoral laws, and the National Electoral Commission’s (NEC)  conduct of fair elections.

Chief of Mission – a Member of the European Parliament, Norbert Neuser was scathing in his remarks in describing the appalling injustice by the country’s judiciary and serious failings by the NEC, after the EU’s Election Follow-Up Mission’s two days consultation with various stakeholders, including president Bio, parliamentarians, the chief justice, the Speaker of Parliament, and the chief electoral commissioner.

Commenting on the High Court’s shabby nullification of ten seats won by the APC at the 2018 elections, Norbert Neuser said: “If an election is declared void, according to section 146.4 of the Public Election Act, another election shall be held. The 2019 High Court decisions to declare the runner-up elected in 10 constituencies, eroded confidence in the neutrality of the Judiciary. Unequivocal respect for the rule of law in election petitions is needed to ensure confidence in the electoral process. In addition, the delivery of timely effective resolution of electoral cases, in line with the deadlines. Justice delayed is justice denied; the same applies to democracy.”

The EU mission also condemned the government’s abuse of power in staging a midterm census. “The Mid-Term Census is unprecedented; the stated reason for it is highly contested. The use of an optional census to provide data which might be used to change electoral boundaries shortly before an election is not conducive to the political atmosphere or good electoral practice. The Mission repeats its recommendation that the voter register should be automatically produced from the civil register, which would save money and time. The Mission has not seen evidence that sufficient progress has been made on this important issue.”

The EU mission expressed grave concern regarding the failure of the government in implementing the 29 recommendations made by the EU Election Observation Mission back in 2018. The implementation of these recommendations the mission said, “would enhance the credibility, inclusiveness and transparency of Sierra Leone’s 2023 elections,” leaving much room to doubt the government’s honesty and integrity.

This is the statement published by the EU mission on 29th October 2021:

“Out of 29 recommendations put forward in 2018, 9 entail constitutional amendments though none of them would need a referendum for entrenched provisions. 21 require legal reform, whereas the remaining could be addressed through administrative policies.

“The need to reactivate the Constitutional review process remains. Timely disclosure of the White Paper is a precondition for an effective, transparent and accountable process and for re-engaging all stakeholders. There is a clear consensus on many issues – including that there should be a fixed date for future elections. Now the task is to turn the discussion into law in time for the elections in 2023.

“The Mission has been told that there is a significant decrease in trust in the essential bodies which play integral roles in the forthcoming elections. These include the judiciary, NEC, PPRC and the police. The Mission findings are that these institutions’ reputations are less trusted than is needed. But further, our assessment is that there are real grounds for concern in the ways in which these bodies have administered recent bye-elections.

“There are surely some lessons to be learned from the management of the last bye-election, which can be trialled in future bye-elections. The Election Follow-up Mission encourages the National Electoral Commission to engage with all electoral stakeholders to address those issues to restore confidence in the Electoral Management Bodies and strengthen both, the transparency and integrity of the electoral process.

“In our assessment, the government has a role in providing both sufficient and timely funding – but equally importantly the political space – for these institutions to demonstrate their neutrality and independence which are absolutely essential for elections being recognised as credible by citizens and observers. The government has committed to the creation of a National Election Sustainable Trust fund account – which if fully implemented would address one of the recommendations. So far, the details of this have not been communicated to the NEC and other bodies.

“If an election is declared void, according to section 146.4 of the Public Election Act, another election shall be held. The 2019 High Court decisions to declare the runner up elected in 10 constituencies, eroded confidence in the neutrality Judiciary. Unequivocal respect for the rule of law in election petitions is needed to ensure confidence in the electoral process. In addition, the delivery of timely effective resolution of electoral cases, in line with the deadlines. Justice delayed is justice denied; the same applies to democracy.

“The Mid-Term Census is unprecedented; the stated reason for it is highly contested. The use of an optional census to provide data which might be used to change electoral boundaries shortly before an election is not conducive to the political atmosphere or good electoral practice. The Mission repeats its recommendation that the voter register should be automatically produced from the civil register, which would save money and time. The Mission has not seen evidence that sufficient progress has been made on this important issue.

“The Mission welcomes that a Bill was formally introduced in Parliament this month that has the stated aim of increasing women’s participation in public and political life. However, the consultation process in preparing the draft was lacking. The Mission shares the hopes of many in Sierra Leone that a meaningful consultation process and clear re-drafting of the Bill will, in combination with political parties own internal policies result in at least 30% of MPs being women in 2023.

“There have also been improvements regarding the Independent Media Commission. By modifying the appointment procedures for board members, who are no longer appointed by the President, another EU recommendation has been partially implemented.

“We furthermore acknowledge the achievement of decriminalising libel as a vital step ensuring and strengthening freedom of expression in Sierra Leone. This amendment of the Public Order Act addresses fully a recommendation made in 2018.

“While there remain several issues of concern; there is still time remaining to address many of these issues. The Mission recommends that the powers in the Constitution be exercised with restraint and in the spirit of democratic compromise, not winner takes all.” END.

What is also damning are the remarks made by Chief of Mission – Norbert Neuser. This is what he said:

“Ladies and gentlemen, I am pleased to return to Sierra Leone for the third time and be once more a guest in your country. I was first here at the time of Ebola as part of a European Parliament delegation showing support for Sierra Leone and offering appropriate assistance. In 2018 I observed the presidential and parliamentary elections as part of the Election Observation Mission.

“Today I am pleased to be back as the Head of the EU Election Follow-up Mission and to share with you our key findings.  Before that; I would like to highlight the purpose of our mission. We are here to engage with a wide range of stakeholders; from government, civil society, political parties, electoral management and regulatory bodies; in order to gather their views on the ongoing electoral reform process.

“Our mission is not an election observation mission; we did not observe the recent bye-elections, nor are we here to observe the forthcoming ones in two weeks’ time. Rather, our mission undertook a technical assessment of the state of implementation of the 29 recommendations made by the EU Election Observation Mission back in 2018. The implementation of these recommendations would enhance the credibility, inclusiveness and transparency of Sierra Leone’s 2023 elections.

“In order to implement the recommendations, 9 constitutional amendments would be needed, however none of them would require a referendum. A further 21 legislative changes would be necessary. Some of the recommendations could be addressed through administrative policies.

“An overall recommendation in 2018 was that the new parliament and government should resume the constitutional review process. Three years later, the need to reactivate the Constitutional review process remains. We are aware that a White Paper is eagerly awaited, but also that Constitutional change requires cross party consensus and compromise in order to be successful and durable. Public participation is also needed. Timely disclosure of the White paper is a precondition for an effective, transparent and accountable process and for re-engaging all stakeholders.

“There is a clear consensus on many issues – including that there should be a fixed date for future elections. Now the issue is to turn the discussion into law in time for the elections in 2023.

“The Mission has been told that there is a significant decrease in trust in the essential bodies which play integral roles in the forthcoming elections. These include the judiciary, NEC, PPRC and the police. Our findings are that these institutions’ reputations are less trusted than is needed. But further, our assessment is that there are real grounds for concern in the ways in which these bodies have administered recent bye-elections.

“There are surely some lessons to be learned from the management of the last bye-election, which can be trialled in future bye-elections.

“In 2018, the EU Election Observation Mission recommended the improvement of results and reconciliation form, the timely publication of detailed tally procedures, the publication of disaggregated results by polling stations.

“Those issues were not touched upon during the national validation conference of August 2021 as it focused on electoral legal reforms. Therefore, the Election Follow-up Mission encourages the National Electoral Commission to engage with all electoral stakeholders to address those issues to restore confidence in the electoral management bodies and strengthen both, the transparency and integrity of the electoral process.

“In our assessment, the government has a role in providing both sufficient and timely funding – but equally importantly the political space – for these institutions to demonstrate their neutrality and independence which are absolutely essential for elections being recognised as credible by citizens and observers. The government has committed to the creation of a National Election Sustainable Trust fund account – which if fully implemented would address one of the recommendations. So far, the details of this have not been communicated to the NEC and other bodies.

“If an election is declared void, according to section 146.4 of the Public Election Act, another election shall be held. The 2019 High Court decisions to declare the runner up elected in 10 constituencies, eroded the confidence in the Judiciary. Unequivocal respect for the rule of law in election petitions is crucial for ensuring confidence in the electoral process. In addition, the delivery of timely effective judicial redress is a paramount feature regarding the fairness of election dispute resolution.

“At the National Validation Conference on electoral reform in August 2021, consensus was reached regarding the need to revise courts’ procedural rules ensuring that election petitions are adjudicated within a reasonable period of time. Justice delayed is justice denied; the same applies to democracy.

“The Mid-Term Census is unprecedented; the stated reason for it is highly contested. The use of an optional census to provide data which might be used to change electoral boundaries shortly before an election is not conducive to the political atmosphere or good electoral practice.

“The Mission repeats its recommendation that the voter register should be automatically produced from the civil register, which would save money and time. We have not seen evidence that sufficient progress has been made on this important issue.

“The Mission welcomes that a Bill was formally introduced in parliament this month that has the stated aim of increasing women’s participation in public and political life. However, the consultation process in preparing the draft was lacking. We share the hopes of many in Sierra Leone that a meaningful consultation process and clear re-drafting of the Bill will, in combination with political parties own internal policies result in at least 30% of MPs being women in 2023.

“There have also been improvements regarding the Independent Media Commission. By modifying the appointment procedures for board members, who are no longer appointed by the President, another EU recommendation has been partially implemented.

“We furthermore acknowledge the achievement of decriminalising libel as a vital step ensuring and strengthening freedom of expression in Sierra Leone. This amendment of the Public Order Act addresses fully one EU recommendation made in 2018.

“While there remain several issues of concern; there is still time remaining to address many of these issues. We recommend that the powers in the Constitution be exercised with restraint and in the spirit of democratic compromise, not winner takes all.”

The people of Sierra Leone go the polls in 2023. But there is massive scepticism over the impartiality and independence of the National Electoral Commission, which has seriously eroded confidence in the government itself.

 

5 Comments

  1. All I know is that research has studied populations who are going to contribute by answering the questionnaire. Therefore, the researcher is the one who decides what study population is the best fit to be interviewed.
    Colleagues, let me remind you of the pandemic saga of 4: 29th. When the government was left alone to investigate the cause of the riot, the report stated that defenseless inmates were killed, including a prison officer, but the killers were never mentioned in the research. In this case, therefore, these questions were never in the questionnaire: Who killed the defenseless inmates and the prison officer? Who came in the pademba prison with guns in their hands on that unfaithful day? Who could have ordered them to come?
    Some of us were are in our little corners defending the situation, today we are crying like babies.
    This administration has begun to lose international support.

  2. The reality is, late President Tejan Kabba with the collaboration of the international community, built most of our institutions and restored integrity and credibility before he handed over power to former President Koroma after his APC party won the 2007 presidential elections. Unfortunately within the 11 years of the Destructive APC party misrule, they managed to DESTROY the Justice system by legalizing the sacking of the elected Vice President and also installing members of parliament after petitions . They also politicized the Police which was rebuilt by Retired British commissioner Keith Biddle. During the 2012 presidential election, the then NEC commissioner Christiana Thorpe reinstated President Koroma through the cancellation of votes from Kailahun District. Even the constitutional review was ignored by the APC party. The European Union saw a repeat of that during the 2018 presidential election which was the main reason they made their recommendations.

    During the 2018 election, even Retired Brigadier Maada Bio was harassed and almost arrested by the police but was luckily stopped by the former President John Mahama of Ghana who was the head of the monitoring team. Due to the lack of respect and trust of the system that the APC party destroyed, the voters decided to kick them out of power. Fortunately, as the EU stated, President Bio has made progress within 3 years which is impossible to accomplish after 11 years of APC destruction and misrule.

    Finally, the EU team is just expressing the frustrations of the lifetime chairman of the APC (fed him some baby milk) who is solely responsible for the destruction of our democracy within his party and the country by handpicking his stooge Samura Kamara which eventually cost them the election. Instead of the continuous WHINING ,CAUSING NOISES , MAMMY CUSS and DISTRACTIONS, he should go back to the drawing board and handover power to the Young Generation who are determined to practice democracy within his party .
    “ CHARITY BEGINS AT HOME”.

  3. “In order to implement the recommendations, 9 constitutional amendments would be needed, however none of them would require a referendum. A further 21 legislative changes would be necessary. Some of the recommendations could be addressed through administrative policies.” EU Follow up Mission.

    I don’t know how low we can go in Sierra Leone to the extent that someone else has to tell us to amend portions of our recommendation. I know that no one dare say such things to the proud Republic of Rwanda or Uganda. But we have been known to be perpetual beggers with our presidents past and present globe-trotting with a begging bowl. There is a saying that he who feeds you call the shots.

  4. Let’s stop beating around the the bush here, lets call it as it is. The NEC, the Sierra Leone police, and the judiciary in our country are not fit for purpose. If we truly want to see a thriving democracy and a representative government elected by the people, for the people and of the people, we need to read the riot act to the bodies that are solely responsible for conducting our election, reminding them of their constitutional duties as enshrined by law, that is their responsibility to conduct a peaceful, fair, and transparent election for the citizens of Sierra Leone. If they obey the electoral laws, as written in our constitution, and implement them accordingly, there is no need to raise the alarm, as the EU observer mission and the opposition parties in Sierra Leone seem to be suggesting. This EU reports and recommendations, and flurry of court actions by the opposition in raising their concerns about the erosion of public confidence in our electoral system, should not be dismissed as an angry mob of opposition politicians wanting to punch the red panic button about the feasibility of an open and transparent election come 2023.

    As its stand, is increasingly coming under threat. The early warning system that Bio and the bodies responsible for conducting this election might just rig them in his favour, condemning our country to an other five years of corrupt and incompetent government is not beyond the realm of impossibilities. This public officials, especially those that are appointmented by the president, for example Mr Mohamed Konneh, the electoral commission head, should be made aware their role in conducting this elections, is clearly defined in our constitution. Therefore the oath they took when they assumed office is to uphold the constitution and safe guiding our electoral laws passed by series of Acts of Parliament. The role of the president in making the appointments, is clearly defined. And should not be confused by making the appointments, that this public officials owe him a pay back by helping him rig elections in his favour or his party’s favour.

    I think is about time we set up an independent cross party body and other stakeholders from civil society groups, NGOs, to be the ones that have the final say to this appointments. That is the only way we can restore trust and confidence in our electoral system. Rightnow the way the system works is like a cartel. You have the head of the NEC, the Chief justice of the country and the inspector General of police, all three important positions responsible for conducting a free and fair elections in a country, being appointed by the president. Now it is not Bio’s idea,or his fault, is just that who ever wrote the constitution and gave those powers to the president, never imagined, maybe a wannabe dictator might one day just take full advantage of those powers handed to him in a platter. Not necessarily Bio but somebody else. We’ve seen it in other African countries. Kenya and Malawi’s are a perfect example of an independent judiciary adjudicating election dispute.

    • Hello big brother, koroma APC, are you really in your right mind to even think that the current EU press release is anything of important or significant? Koroma APC, did you really want to school or if you did, have you ever conducted a successful imperical research? You may be so doomy to come to a belief that EU part findings report is credible for which the so called report is based on ONLY, one sided data. You may be so stupid to have that thought!!

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