Koinadugu District Council bye-elections marred by violence, voter intimidation and fraud

Sierra Leone Telegraph: 4 October 2021:

Voters in the Koinadugu district of Sierra Leone went to the polls last Saturday to elect their district council chairman as well as a local councillor for Ward 155. But two days on, the results of the elections are nowhere in sight, after the country’s electoral body – the National Electoral Commission (NEC) decided to stop counting the ballots in response to the unsavoury behaviours of supporters and party agents of both the ruling SLPP and the main opposition APC at the local tallying centre.

According to a press statement published by NEC today, counting of votes will now take place at the NEC Data Centre in Wellington, Freetown tomorrow 5th October. (See statement below).

Both the ruling SLPP and the opposition APC are claiming victory in what many observers believe to have been a close race in a district traditionally regarded as an opposition APC stronghold, prompting the APC to issue this statement accusing the SLPP of trying to steal their votes:

Responding to the APC accusations, the SLPP said this:

“On Saturday October 2, 2021, the National Electoral Commission (NEC) conducted bye elections in Koinadugu district for the District Council Chairman and Councillor respectively in the said district. The SLPP and APC went into the contest to replace the two vacant seats. From the onset, the APC made efforts to disrupt the elections, but met resistance from the people who have embraced the developments of the SLPP government and were ready to demonstrate that in the ballot box.

“The APC hired thugs and supporters attacked and mercilessly beat up a young man and vandalized his vehicle in front of their party office by the RC school polling station and videoed the brutality, no arrest was made. In Santi Balia APC thugs attacked two stations and burnt down electoral materials. In Alkalia, a relative of the APC councillor aspirant was caught with a voter ID bearing a different name, she was arrested and handed over to the police. At Shanghai compound polling station, APC party members and their thugs stormed the station and tried to disrupt the process, they were stopped by the SLP. The SLPP treated them as isolated incidents and still continued mobilising its supporters to come out in their numbers and vote.

“After the elections and the results collated from all the polling stations by the SLPP had shown a clear victory for our party, the opposition APC went into their usual antics of deceiving their supporters and crying wolf where none exists. One of their key stakeholders in the district posted a photo of himself with a fake election results written on a piece of paper even before the commencement of official tallying of results.

“On Sunday whilst the collation of votes was going on at the Community Centre in Kabala town, the APC representatives, sensing a devasting defeat for their candidates after five hours of tallying, started to raise issues aimed clearly at  disrupting the process. The APC demanded the process to stop and asked NEC to start it all over again.

“Let it be known to the general public that the SLPP will not accept any attempt by the APC to force its will through blackmail, on the people of Koinadugu whose inhabitants outside the township of Kabala have suffered many years of devastation and deprivation in the hands of the APC. The people have spoken through the ballot box and their voices have been heard. The SLPP is patiently waiting for NEC to complete its process without any blackmail by the APC and for our Coucillor and Council Chairman respectively to take their seats and deliver the much needed development for the people of that district.

“We are appealing to our members and supporters to remain peaceful and be confident of the victory which we already got on Saturday. We also call on the Sierra Leone Police to maintain the peace and security of the NEC officials in Kabala in particular and the district in general. Our victory cannot be derailed or scuttled by a vanquished political party whose only aim now is to create mayhem. (END)

Meanwhile, the National Election Watch (NEW) has published a report on the Koinadugu Bye-elections which it says was “marred by widespread political intimidation, incidents of thuggery and suspension of tallying.”

This is what the NEW Report says:   

The National Electoral Commission (NEC) conducted two Bye-elections for the Chairperson for the Koinadugu District Council and Councillor for Ward 155 on Saturday, 2nd October 2021. Generally, the Voting and Counting ended peacefully, but there were incidents of widespread and unprecedented political intimidation and thuggery ranging from the burning of ballot papers and other materials, disruption of voting process, disruption of counting process and running away with ballot papers and sealed ballot box, vandalization of vehicles, the use of vehicles without registration number plates, the movement of thugs from one centre to the other with motor bikes and disruption and suspension of the tallying process.

Amidst all of these negative and undemocratic practices, the citizens of Koinadugu district came out and voted. National Election Watch (NEW) commends NEC for the resilience exhibited in conducting the two bye-elections amidst a plethora of challenges that should have been avoided by the competing political parties.

NEW further commends the Political Parties Registration Commission (PPRC) for being responsive to the pre-election tensions by issuing a press statement admonishing all political parties to conduct themselves within the confines of the law.

Despite these gallant efforts by these two Electoral Management Bodies (EMBs), the environment remained tense and ended up in the current predicament that reflects negatively on the country’s hard-won democracy.

National Election Watch (NEW) observed both Bye-elections in line with its mandate to assess the extent to which standards of holding democratic elections as espoused in the 1991 Constitution, the Public Elections Act (PEA) of 2012 and other regional and international principles are adhered to.

NEW was formally accredited by NEC and continued in this important aspect of electoral observation as has been the case in the past previous elections dating back to 2002. NEW observed the entire process including opening, polling, closing and counting, tallying and what should have ended with the announcement of provisional results.

NEW recruited, trained and deployed observers in all the 300 polling stations. NEW also deployed 21 supervisors and 4 roving teams of 3 each. Additionally, NEW undertook a pre-election assessment, to gauge the preparedness of EMBs, Election Stakeholders and citizens and issued a public statement that warned of the appalling intimidation and undemocratic tendencies shown by the political parties with the aim of disenfranchising the citizenry to enjoy their right by participating in the choice of their elected leaders.

Today, 4th of October 2021, NEW wishes to announce the following Findings in relation to the bye-elections in Koinadugu District: i. Polling stations were opened on time across the district. ii. NEC Staff were mainly youth with a fair balance of male and female. iii. Essential voting materials (such as ballot boxes, ballot papers, seals, voting booths, voter register, NEC stamps, indelible ink and Result Reconciliation Forms (RRFs) were available in all polling stations. Tactile ballot guides were available in some polling stations. iv. There were long distances between polling centres in areas outside urban centres. Some voters had to walk for more than 7 miles to access their polling centres. v. Hand washing facilities were available in all polling centres. vi. Temperature machines were seen in some polling centres.

vii. The 2 contesting political parties (APC and SLPP) deployed agents in all Polling Stations. viii. Security personnel from the Sierra Leone Police (SLP) were deployed and visible in most polling centres and seen in some hotspot areas such as Kabala, Bafodia, Fadugu and Alkalia which had heavy police presence. However, in some polling centres, the presence of the police was thin. ix. There was an influx of ‘imported’ youth and political party stalwarts into the district on polling day. x. There were movements of thugs from one centre to the other with motor bikes in some areas of the district. xi. The use of vehicles without registration number plates, carrying unidentified youth and some of them wearing military camouflage. xii. Observers/Election Stakeholders included PPRC, Office of National Security (ONS), British High Commission Officials, Election Conflict Prevention and Mediation Group (ECPMG) and the Media. xiii. Senior NEC officials were also on the ground to support the process.

Reported Incidents

  1. At Centre Code 6048 Open Space, One-Mile Shanghai, polling station 3, the APC party agent protested over 3 doted marks found on some ballot papers against the SLPP candidate voting space in one of the ballot books and insisted that the entire affected ballot book be cancelled. As a result, there was a standoff which stopped voting for a while. During the standoff, NEC made an attempt to clarify the doted marks which went unheeded. In the ensuing event, Dr. Kaifala Marah of the APC then came to address the concern of the APC party agent by suggesting that voting be allowed to continue noting that, during the course of counting those doted lines should not invalidate any ballot. Whilst both sides were trying to resolve this impasse, then came in the Deputy Minister of Political and Public Affairs, Mr. Amara Kallon and the Minister of Youth Affairs, Mr. Mohamed Orman Bangura. The 2 Government Ministers forcefully pushed people out of the polling station which compounded the chaos. In a related scuffle, the marshals who accompanied the 2 ministers vandalized the left driving mirror of the car belonging to Minkailu Koroma (Esq.) of the APC that was packed around the polling centre.
  2. At Centre Code 6047, RC Primary School Kabala, whilst voting was going on, a green Honda CRV Jeep speedily drove into the polling precinct that steered panic amongst voters on the queues. The police tried to stop him but he forced his way into the centre which triggered angry reaction from voters who pelted stones on the vehicle and completely vandalized it. The driver in question was arrested by the police for obstructing the voting process. Voting stopped for over 1 hour.
  3. At Centre Code 6115, RC Primary School Saint Balia, at around 3:30 to 4:00 pm, a group of unidentified youths on 8 motor bikes violently entered the polling precinct causing panic and forcing everyone to run for their lives including NEC officials, voters and community people. There was complete desertion of the polling centre. In the ensuing pandemonium, the thugs burnt down the voting materials. This same group of marauders was also seen by NEW observers in Centre Code 6021, WSCL Primary School in Sakuta. They parked outside the polling Centre and continuously accelerated their motor bikes consistently, thereby causing panic. The Polling Centre Manager (PCM) was terrified and raised concern about the insecurity of the centre and requested that he needed security presence at the centre.
  4. At Centre Code 6072, DEC Kagbasia polling station 2, during the counting process, there was an argument over the validity of a ballot. In the process, another set of unidentified youth, entered the polling station, captured the already counted and reconciled ballot papers in polling station 2, and also captured the sealed ballot box of station 1 in the same centre and carted with them. They also took away the mobile phones and observation documents belonging to the NEW observers on the orders of the SLPP party Agent, Alie Thoronka who was deployed at the polling station. The 2 NEW observers fled into hiding for their safety and have since reported the matter to the Fadugu police station.
  5. At Centre Code 6082, RC Primary School, polling station 3, the SLPP Candidate for the Koinadugu District Council Chairperson election, Alhaji Sheku Koroma (also known as Chairman), entered the polling station accompanied by a SLP officer as personal guard. An argument ensued when the Polling Centre Manager (PCM) objected to why he (candidate) was at the polling station as that was not the centre where he was supposed to vote. This argument attracted a huge crowd of voters within the centre. In the process, the SLPP candidate physically assaulted a disabled deployed at the station as a party agent for the APC. He also attacked, physically assaulted and wounded another party agent of the APC who was trying to have a photograph of the scene. This centre was manned by a Chiefdom Police Officer who was indisposed to take any action.
  6. The Tallying was suspended due to discrepancies in the entry of the results into the tallying sheet. During the tallying, these discrepancies were detected by Dr. Richard Konteh and Dr. Kaifala Marah of the APC on the results from Centre code 6096. The actual result in RRF forms were APC 101 and SLPP 69. But the figures entered into the tally sheet were 101 for APC and 169 for SLPP. This was verified by NEC and the actual figure in the RRF was inputted. The NEC staff who did the wrong inputting was immediately replaced. Later, another wrong input was also detected for Sewaia. This was also detected by Dr. Richard Konteh. NEC was trying to do verification on the second discrepancy by going through the NEC RRF forms when argument ensued between the APC and SLPP in the Tally Centre Hall. The police could not handle the impasse between the two parties.

The Commissioner for NEC, Commissioner Edmond S. Alpha, called on the leadership of the two political parties in the Tally Centre, Napoleon Koroma (Esq.) for SLPP and Dr. Kaifala Marah of the APC, to calm down their membership so that they will proceed with the tallying process. He also asked that everyone should go out of the Tally Centre and five representatives of each of the parties be allowed in. The Commissioner then asked the police to take the necessary action but the tension was still rising.

The Commissioner therefore decided to suspend the tallying process till further notice. The following political stalwarts were present at the Tallying Centre; Umaru Napoleon Koroma (Esq.), Mantene Marah, Dr Richard Konteh, Dr Kaifala, Hon. Lamin Kabba and Hon Lahai Marah. Ordinary supporters of both political parties that had no role in the tallying process were allowed in the hall.


NEW recommends the following:

  1. NEC to review the distances between polling centres to enable more people to easily access the polling centres.
  2. Political party stalwarts and state functionaries who have no legitimate business in the election areas and are not accredited by NEC must stay away from polling centres on polling day. NEC should collaborate with the SLP on the number of accredited persons and verify their identity before allowing them in the polling precincts.
  3. The SLP to deploy more than one police officer in each polling station. If Chiefdom Administration police officers are to be deployed, they must be given the requisite training on election policing.
  4. The SLP to investigate arrest and prosecute owners of vehicles without registered number plates who were plying the polling areas where the elections were conducted.
  5. The ONS, SLP and security agencies must ensure adequate security of all stages in the electoral process and specifically enforce the rules around accredited persons who should access the Tally Centre as the process has been moved from Koinadugu to Freetown.
  6. The SLP to speedily investigate all incidents of political intimidation and thuggery and make their findings public and defaulters prosecuted in line with existing electoral laws.
  7. NEW calls on the police to speedily recover the phones of the NEW observers.
  8. The NEC Staff who entered wrong figures in the Tallying sheet must be handed over to the police for full investigations and take the necessary sanctions provided by law.
  9. NEC must endeavour to train their staff on electoral ethics and integrity in order not to undermine the gains of our democracy.
  10. NEC should take immediate steps to tally and announce the results of the elections in order to guarantee the trust of the electorates.


NEW encourages the electorates in Koinadugu District to remain calm and peaceful as we continue to monitor the situation. National Election Watch (NEW) is a coalition of local and international organizations in Sierra Leone with a common objective of supporting free, fair and peaceful elections. (END)




  1. good morning, i just had read an article from the “organiser” based on investigations of the “africanistpress” on 10 october about very high salary increases of the nec staff. my question – is this something to do with the inconsistencies and the outcome of the bye-election in koinadugu? i would be happy if the sierra leone telegragh also would report about it.

  2. THUGGERY is one of the 99 tactics of the destructive APC party during an election process. Since they unexpectedly lost the 2018 election, “ Mammy Cuss” ,violence and destruction is now the order of the day. Even infrastructural development has been hindered because for the first time in the history of the world, some APC members and supporters are destroying electricity cables ,transformers and even granites from roads just to win an election.
    May the Almighty continue to REJECT any war prediction in our beloved country. Amen and Ameen.

  3. Is this mayhem a foretaste of what to expect in 2023? Is violence so entrenched in our political culture that until we are able put paid to the APC-SLPP duopoly, brutal party confrontations and their attendant voter intimidations will keep our democratic processes and institutions from working as they should, leaving them forever at the mercy of thugs masquerading as respectable and responsible holders of public office?

    SLPP and APC, shame on you both as it takes two to tango. The people of Koinadugu and of the other districts for that matter do not deserve to be held hostage to your political shenanigans and acts of brutality. Your fratricidal rivalry is a stain on our nation’s conscience. It is an abomination, a threat to national unity and cohesion.

    And remember that barely two decades ago we were at war with ourselves, leading to a huge loss of lives and to some of the most appalling forms of human degradation. Please do not let the country relive that nightmare ever again. You owe this to your fellow citizens and to generations of Sierra Leoneans yet unborn. Maybe it is time the country tried something else, something new, different as neither of you deserve to lead it anymore.

  4. Yes totally agree with you Mr Sorie. Bio and some of his ministers, like resident Minister Northern Province Abu Abu have been fanning the flames of division by his public pronunciations. One of the chief architect of all divisions in our country. He and Bio has been polarising figures in every sense of the word. Anyone who pretend that the underlying divisions that existed before the RUF wars, were addressed by the Truth and Reconciliation programme undertaken by the state after the civil war, most think again.

    All the ingredients that can be attributed to societal collapse are there. Lack of investment and opportunities, corruption, the Bio government discontinuing of infrastructure projects that would have make life easier for local farmers, and communities in general, the impact of Covid19, and some times the unfiltered bile statements made by politicians that promote disunity, all adds up and points to only one way, more choas and elections violence. In the nutshell, if you add up uncertainty and one directionless, the answer always equals Bio. Anyone can work out that Maths, is not rocket science, you just have to go by his record.

    Add, subtract, divide, multiple, what ever method you apply, you always come up with the same answer. You can’t fudge it. If what happens in Kabala local elections, is a dress rehearsal for the 2023 presidential election, my advice to politicians of all parties is to tone down their use of divisive languages in all public space. We have an illiterate youth population, that have been manipulated by politicians for their own selfish goals. Thats got to stop.

  5. As I write, no firm result has been announced in the Kabala elections – four days after the casting of ballots. What a national disgrace. Sierra Leone may be heading for another civil conflict that could surpass the rebel war which lasted for over a decade, by which quite a good number of the current key players could be in the hereafter.

    If local elections can provoke such uncomfortable emotions in people one is forced to wonder whether they are not heading for mental collapse in the 2023 general elections. They may die in some kind of asylum for no good reason.

    As head of government, Bio must accept full responsibility for the security of the nation at all times – no exception. If he wants peace at any locality, for whatever reason, he will achieve it within the law. But he produces the thugs himself, aided by his wife; both of them couldn’t care less if they have to maintain power behind coffins or in the middle of dead bodies. Remember “arata “ at constituency 110? SLPP and APC need a break from the leadership of our country, they the source of all our misery.

  6. Of all the outlandish statements that former president Trump, used to make regarding the African American vote, one area of agreement with him was how he use to taunt African Americans voters about how the US Democratic party establishment takes minorities votes for granted. Because you are black, you have to vote for the Democratic party. And he was right it shouldn’t be like that. Vote for a party that represents your interest. Now you can disagree with him with a lot of about his beliefs and behaviour, but on that point he was 100% right. Koinadugu District is not Washington DC, or the District of Columbia. But the dynamics of whats happening, with the SLPP /APC local district elections, in Koinadugu District that once used to be on American political terms a Blue state meaning in this case an APC strong hold, is now turning to a Red state, or a toss up district with no particular political party having a clear advantage over their rivals.

    To many, it might come as a surprise that what use to be a strong APC strong hold, the SLPP party, which is stronger in the South has a fighting chance to win this district level bye-elections. Well Koinadugu District has always been a swing District. The voters here are savy and knows exactly what they want from their local representatives. The 2018 presidential election was a case in point. Many people believe, with out the support that Bio received in the North he would not have made it to the presidency. Koinadugu District to Bio was like South Carlolina and Georgia to Joe Biden.Red states turning to blue states .So the violence we see, in this local elections in Koinadugu is party supporters on both sides that can’t see their support ebbing away with out putting up a fight.

    If all Sierra Leoneans can take a leaf from Koinadugu District, and vote with their heads not their hearts, I think our country will move the dail of true democratic representation and be in position to hold our local representatives to account. We should vote for parties that diliver their promises, not to vote for parties because we are from the same tribe and region. And whatever the out come of this local elections, is good for democracy.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.


This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.