Sierra Leone’s medium-term national development plan – a call for national ownership

James Samba: Sierra Leone Telegraph: 31 January 2021:

As we start a new decade, President Julius Maada Bio of Sierra Leone faces the daunting task of rebuilding a deteriorating economy that is beset by staggering corruption and the appointment of incompetent officials, in the past decade.

Principled leadership is required in all spheres of government to put Sierra Leone on a path of economic growth and to improve the quality of governance.

The past decade was dominated by a great deal of lip service rather than instituting practical measures to mitigate and work towards solving the issues facing the country.

On the 28th of February 2019, the government of President Julius Maada Bio launched the Medium-Term National Development Plan (MTNDP) to promote sustainable economic growth and transformation and chart the way forward to become a middle income country by 2035.

The MTNDP emphasizes human capital development, education, health and agriculture. This document is the country’s development blueprint, outlining eight clusters of a result-based pathway.

This plan received local and worldwide commendations, principally for its people-focused strategy, laced with sincerity of purpose, which are the hallmarks of good governance.

The MTNDP has four goals with eight clusters and 48 sub-clusters, aimed at addressing issues around social and macroeconomic development, human capital development, diversifying the economy and promoting growth, infrastructure and economic competitiveness, governance and accountability, empowering women, children and people with disabilities, youth employment, sports, migration, addressing vulnerabilities and building resilience and plan implementation.

During the launch of the MTNDP, the President emphatically stated that there was the need for a comprehensive blueprint to promote sustainable long-term development, and was consistent with global targets, especially the Sustainable Development Goals SDGs and the African 2063 agenda.

“I have continuously emphasized and insisted on governance inclusive and purposeful planning for quality service delivery. This plan will help us coordinate all available resources. Our future annual budgets will be fully aligned to this development plan, said President Bio. The process of developing a development plan should be owned and driven by citizens in an inclusive, consultative and participatory manner in a domesticated way in line with the national context”.

The Ministry of Planning and Economic Development (MOPED), under the leadership of Minister – Dr. Francis Kai-Kai, has been pivotal in beginning the process of popularizing and decentralizing the MTNDP with the central objective of enabling district stakeholders and grassroots understand the basics of the plan, define community priorities within the national plan to support in the next 2 to 3 years, and to also enable them become aware of their lead role in the implementation of programs and projects informed by the national plan.

On the 17th of October 2019, in Kambia District, the Ministry kicked off this process of popularizing, decentralizing and promoting local community ownership of the Plan nationwide. The aim is for the effective implementation of the New Direction’s development targets in every district.

The day’s event was dedicated to presenting and explaining the MTNDP to district stakeholders and get them understand the plan, explaining their understanding of the plan and their roles and responsibilities in its implementation as well as selecting 2 to 3 priorities for the next 2 years.

This process, among other things, revolves around the notion of putting the people at the centre of decision making, and an inclusive government based on the spirit of ‘leaving no one behind’. It also corroborates State presence, where Ministers, MPs and other state functionaries engaged the people and give updates on their work within their various sectors of government. As a result, the people are continually engaged in every planning process of the country, which makes the MTNDP, a living plan.

In Bombali District, where the process ended for the provinces, Dr. Francis Kai-Kai, the Minister, continued to re-echo his message, as done in all the other districts visited that the people should be brought along the development journey. He emphasized that ownership of the plan is critical to the development of the country and that the plan belongs to the people. Therefore, the people of Sierra Leone must own it.

On implementation, he noted that this is the responsibility of everyone, including government (MDAs) and the councils, development partners, NGOs, CSOs and the private sector who are crucial in implementing the MTNDP.

The other point was on coordination of implementation, this he said must be enforced by the chairpersons of local and district councils, who must ensure that everyone is on the table to know exactly who does what and where in the districts. (Photo: Author – James Samba).

Monitoring of implementation, according to the Minister is a key factor in the effective implementation of the plan. He cited the central government, led by the National Monitoring and Evaluation Department (NaMED), the Members of Parliament, the MDA’s, Paramount Chiefs, and the people to lead this process.

The MTNDP envisages a growing economy that is responsive to the demand of a fast-changing world, an economy that does not benefit only the few but the many.

President Bio continues to take stringent measures to repair investor confidence, including improving institutional stability, restoring the credibility of the justice system and demonstrating that the state has the political will to turn the country’s finances around. More importantly, the need to embrace the MTNDP must be given a bigger stake by the people of Sierra Leone. The transfer of ownership and control of the plan to the people must be accelerated.


  1. Your comment says it all, Abraham, however, I believe, you should have generalized it to the political culture of Sierra Leone. Most policies fail in Sierra Leone due to poor planning and control mechanisms partnered with urgency in policies implementation. Every government has to race against time.
    The time frame for the National Development Plan is very realistic, however, the Medium Term National Development Plan’s time frame is too short for those 8 policy clusters.

    If this plan is to succeed, making haste so as the 4 policy goals are to be achieved before 2023, should be the government’s last thought.

  2. Great article JMDS. However, it may make more sense if we forget the past regime now and ensure to change things for the better. Surely, a lot has to be done.

  3. Progress with the MTNDP government programme cannot be achieved by creating one size fits all bureaucratic huddles for the communities that it is meant to help. Instead of explaining to them how the process works, local communities should be asked to participate in the decision making process that affects them locally. Maybe what the local communities in Kono needs, can’t be the same for the people in Kambia district. Creating the blue print for long term SDGs, is one thing. But working towards achieving those goals needs a holistic approach, whereby the Sustainable development goals framework has the political will and attention of both the central government and district level, then to Chiefdom level.

    Investing in human capital and social inclusion is the only way as a country we can work in achieving those goals. You cannot achieve anything by paying lip service to the development goals or targets you set yourself, whether you are a government, or as an individual. When you hear about these projects, and why they never seem to make any progress after their launch, its all boil down to the attention span of the leadership responsible for implementing such policies in considering their urgency, magnitude, and most importantly the complexities facing the programmes. What other changes are needed to make it work? Or how do we make it work for everyone around the country?

    One of the greatest impediments we have is Bio and his government’s short attention span when it comes to implementing policies that spur growth for our country. The idea that information should cascade from the top without local input, and accountability mechanisms and the roles and responsibilities of individual providers responsible for implementing the government MTNDP is not well thought out. You can create all sorts of clusters. Decentralisation and accountability is the answer.

  4. The abject poverty that has shackled our people has the elements of criminal intent, negligence, and incompetence written all over it like the fingerprints of a burglar left behind on shattered pieces of glass from a broken window. The SLPP is a criminal entity and there’s no two ways about it. Since they assumed the reins of power they have engaged themselves like wicked pirates and bandits in rampant thefts, threats, and intimidation of everyone that strongly disagrees with their flimsy, superficial, outdated beliefs and ideas. All the projects they have tirelessly commissioned are completely shoddy, ill-advised, impractical and unsustainable.

    Goodness gracious! How long must our poor people suffer and wait for things to improve? There are large crowds of useless, bootless, thoughtless individuals everywhere acting important, trying hard to hide their frightening levels of incompetence behind their positions of authority. Good for nothings holding on strongly to untenable arguments blowing tribal trumpets, gullible tribesmen singing the praises of their thieving counterparts while at the same time rewarding them generously with their unshaken loyalty and support for their frightening incompetence – Sierra Leone its time we recognize that we have a huge problem in our hands.

    A sham government without a plan heading to nowhere that believes in reckless borrowing; An inept leader that doesn’t have the slightest clue about what it takes to create jobs, skilled or unskilled or how to retrofit, strengthen and build institutions that will last and stand the test of time is leading our nation irresponsibly over the edges of a cliff of destruction – Oh mercy, mercy me! What an eerie man made disaster we are now being confronted with.

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