Democracy works best with checks and balances on executive authority

Dr. Kandeh K. Yumkella: Sierra Leone Telegraph: 6 January 2019:

I wish all Sierra Leoneans a happy and prosperous New Year. Though 2018 was a challenging year, our people emerged as winners. They were able to exercise their democratic rights to vote and elect a new government.

As we look ahead to the New Year, I want to highlight a number of key areas that will require our collective action as a nation, namely; responsible leadership and building a just and equitable society, growing our economy and carefully and judiciously managing the war on corruption and the pending Commissions of Inquiry.

Responsible Leadership and Just Society

Following the 2018 elections, our country has a new Government and a Parliament in which the Government is in the minority. This may be seen as a manifestation of democratic progress. Thus, the nation is hoping that Parliament will live up to its sacred responsibility of providing valuable checks and balances as well as oversight on the Government.

Therefore, the government must accept and respect separation of powers and allow the judiciary and the legislative branches to exercise their constitutional mandates.

In recent times, we have seen a spate of violent incidents many of them associated with post-election tensions. There is also strong evidence that democracy itself may be under serious threat given the growing polarization of our society and the incessant pandering to tribalism.

We are very concerned about this and the emerging risks to fundamental human rights (guaranteed under our constitution and in international treaties we have ratified) due to a series of arrests/detentions without recourse to habeas corpus.

The Government needs to heal the nation and endeavour to build an inclusive, open and just society on a foundation of rule of law and respect for the provisions of the constitution.

The Government must live up to its party slogan of “One Country, One People” and work towards creating a cohesive and just society based on respect for the protection of human rights of all its citizens. In this regard, we reject sporadic mass firing of people in various institutions without due process.

In the same vein, the opposition APC has to come to terms with the fact that they lost power and they must understand, and accept, their new responsibility to be a formidable constructive opposition that can provide checks and balances to prevent abuse of power. Democracy works best when there are checks and balances on executive authority.

The APC must return to its center-left core values to speak for the poor and promote social inclusion. Many would recall that I regularly campaigned against the accumulation of absolute power at State house, and the penchant for institutions to resort to “orders from above”, or, “supreme executive authority”.

The Economy

They say “a sleeping nation either dies, or wakes up as slaves.” Rankanomics overburdened our economy with debt, runaway inflation, kleptomania and enslaved over 70 percent of the population in multidimensional poverty. If our economy continues to decline and there is a concomitant escalation of political tensions and a deterioration of human rights, we will not succeed as a nation.

In his inaugural speech to Parliament, President Bio cited credible data and indicators from various multilateral institutions to clearly illustrate the low level of human development in our country and to elucidate the constraints on economic growth.

We should recognize and accept that many of the structural constraints to our country’s growth and development were not just created in the past 10 years; some date back to several decades.

Also some problems such as climate change and global economic shocks may be beyond our control; but others have been caused by poor governance during the tenure of various governments.

The bad news about the nation’s economic deterioration was reinforced later by the first New Direction budget for 2019.

As we stated in the budget debate, several indicators presented in this budget suggest that in spite of three Poverty Reduction Strategy programmes during the past two decades (one from the SLPP government, followed by the Agenda for Change, and the Agenda for Prosperity) this nation has either stayed stagnant or retrogressed in terms of human development and economic transformation.

We however remain hopeful that in 2019 the government will be more prudent with spending, will invest in expanding the productive sectors, stimulate private sector investments and growth.

There is an urgent need for bringing inflation down and managing the exchange rate. While we understand the need for revenue mobilization, we want to draw the attention of government to the high cost of living due to several factors including higher taxation on private businesses and high import duties.

We remain hopeful that the government’s fiscal consolidation drive will be backed by a strategy to stimulate growth and job creation and help us attain the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the African Union Agenda 2063.

In this regard, we urge the government to ensure that their projects/programs are consistent with the proposed National Development Plan and are subjected to rigorous vetting before inclusion in the budget.

War on Corruption and Pending Commission of Inquiry

As true citizens, we should all support the war on corruption and the Commissions of Inquiry (CoI) and make sure they succeed. This requires us to examine our own values and our conscience. As Professor Lumumba recently stated some people want to fight corruption provided it is not against their tribesmen/women, or provided it does not disrupt their own personal access to the loot.

Each of us has a role in the fight for the soul of our country. It is basically a fight about our beliefs in and consciousness about, values, morality and justice.

I wish to restate the NGC’s position enunciated on September 2018. To be credible, the Commissions of Inquiry must include all those involved in acts of corruption. They must include those who carried the greatest responsibility for financial management, procurement and decision making rather than just ministers. If this includes Permanent Secretaries, Statutory Vote Controllers, and Chairs of procurement committees, so be it.

To be transformative and curative, the inquiries must also be televised. They must be thorough and fair to allow the innocent to go free and the guilty to face the full penalty of the law. Hence the critical importance of ensuring that the best practices in credible rules of procedure and evidence will prevail.

To prevent abuse of human rights and freedoms, the tenure of the Commissions cannot be open-ended. They must be time bound and completed within six months to a year.

We must also protect whistle blowers to ensure that the current Executives do not use the Commissions of Inquiry to go after those who will challenge their own future excesses. Remember, power corrupts and absolute power corrupts absolutely.

Ultimately, the execution of the proposed Commission of Inquiry will give us an insight into whether the New Direction is a movement for change and progress. The government bears the greatest responsibility to ensure that the Commission is not a charade and that justice is delivered quickly, for justice delayed is justice denied.

Our party and values

I wish to reaffirm that in the National Grand Coalition (NGC) we believe that there can be no development without peace, and peace cannot be sustained without development. Both peace and development cannot be achieved in the absence of social cohesion, inclusive governance and respect for human rights. Therefore, the economy will not thrive if half of our society is or feels left out.

We call on the ‘New Direction’ government to right the mistakes of the past. We must see real efforts to lower tensions across the country, and genuine actions to reach out to those who feel left out. The latter will happen when we put Salon FOS.

The NGC will continue to advocate for a culture of “Salon Fos”. We stand by our electoral campaign platform to wage a war on corruption, kleptomania and tribalism.

The NGC showed that a third force can change the status quo and engender transformation. This should embolden our supporters and offer people a new force for good and an alternative political platform.

We have demonstrated to the youth that they should not settle for less, they should not acquiesce to the lowest common denominator, but rather appeal to ‘the better angels of our nature.’

The NGC will, therefore, continue to provide the platform for our youth to ask critical questions of their leaders, and we will continue to demonstrate to them that there can be an alternative political ethos and dispensation that will address the real issues of poverty, massive corruption and low human development.

As a party, the NGC vision is for a Sierra Leone in which every citizen deserves provision of essential services, respect for their human rights and can realize their full potential. They can do so regardless of the circumstances of their birth, ethnic group, class, race or connections.

Our vision is for a Sierra Leone that stands tall among nations because each individual member of Team Sierra Leone feels a sense of belonging, self-worth, dignity, and pride. We yearn for nation that understands and appreciates the critical importance of its diaspora in a 21st century global economy.

To achieve higher levels of growth and prosperity our nation must embrace its diaspora to harness their Knowledge, Networks and Capital.

As an eternal optimist, I am still full of hope for a better future for our country. On behalf of the NGC, I wish you a peaceful, progressive, and prosperous 2019.

Editor’s note

This is the 2019 New Year’s message to the people of Sierra Leone, of Alhaji Dr. Kandeh K. Yumkella – Parliamentary Leader of the National Grand Coalition (NGC) Party.


  1. To be honest with you Santhkie, shoving out the APC or the SLPP will be an enormous task. If not impossible. The campaign for 2023 has already started in the background. Some political parties are not yet aware of it I guess. The problem is basically regional, ethnic and loyalty. You have people who will never change their political ideologies no matter what.

    Also, there are groups of people who don’t understand anything because of their low educational background. I don’t like to use the word illiterates. These people make a large number of the electorate.

    The problem KKY had in my opinion is that he worked in the NPRC regime and he also tried to join the SLPP which did not materialize. Since then his popularity shrinked a bit. The People of Sierra Leone saw three former NPRC officials vying for the presidency and one won. You and myself know very well that the people were not happy with the NPRC rule.

    Just imagine how KKY was accused of selling the Petroleum Refinery during the NPRC rule. Many Sierra leoneans believed the story even today. Can you imagine? I think the best way to shove out the APC and the SLPP which are for now the giants in Sierra Leone politics is to start voting for individuals – and not for party. Sierra Leoneans who have never held any political office should start making and taking their case to the electorate for elections. This route will be the easiest. Although long, but will eventually work.

    I can’t predict what will happen in 2023, but if President Bio delivers on his development projects, then 2023 election will be very difficult for most political parties. Most parties should be thinking of hiring new party leaders and re-calibrate their political strategies to compete with the SLPP under president Bio.

    Finally, I don’t even know which of the parties to join at this time. What I am doing is following president Bio’s agenda and making my comments so that he succeeds. For now, Let us all make sure that the president of the day succeeds in improving the lives of all Sierra Leoneans.

  2. In Dr Yumkella, one sees class, intelligence, philanthropy, knowledge – a gem of executive experience, which frightened both APC and SLPP in the last general elections.

    APC were so scared and worried that they devised numerous ways to rid the political scene of the man who formed a political party within months of the elections and yet made serious waves which gave the two major political parties sleepless nights.

    Some even claim that we (NGC) actually won the presidency but for the hand of the electoral commission. In a video message soon after the results were announced, Dr Yumkella clearly reinforced this by saying that in some constituencies the Electoral Commission declared that NGC did get a single vote. Effectively even the fielded parliamentary candidate did not vote for herself/himself. Does this not border on some type of insanity, probably hallucination?

    Dr Yomkella did not start an inferno of protest over the Electoral Commission’s claim, which testifies to his class and peaceful nature and most importantly, to highlight his own slogan:”Salone fos”.

    Had it been APC or SLPP that were so affected, the country would have gone up in flames, making the aftermath pale into comparison to what the RUF and Foday Sankoh subjected the country to for over a decade.

    Dr Yumkella has repeatedly tried to let the nation to understand that our overall problems did not start in the last decade but go all the way back into history, most likely after the passing of Sir Milton, when successive leaders started applying “Rankanomics”to solve our socio-economic problems.

    By “Rankanomics” I think Dr Yumkella means, a strain of Economics which is diseased, but which benefits a handful of people because they have developed effective immunity for it. This is why Earnest Koroma and his gang walked away from office with massive wealth, leaving the mass of the people entrenched in poverty together with all its attending side effects.

    With President Bio seemingly unable to shake up the system and with APC embroiled in stopping Ben Kaifala from exposing their backside, even further the nation’s only hope for salvation is KKY.

    With the bulk of the voting population in the country being “”Country people”, with most of them incapable of reaching objective judgement because of lack of education, it is up to us, their brethren, to explain to them all that is at stake to dislodge them from being Mende,Temne,Limba,Kono,Fullah,Soso,Loko, first before anything else. The nation’s future is what should be uppermost on their mind. Sentiments and emotions bear no progress. In the last elections, I preyed on all my family members (family in an African context) to vote for Dr Yomkella.

    Now I have more time to reach nearly all extended family members for 2023 both in the north and in Freetown. We must shove APC and SLPP to a back seat to give the nation a fresh start.

    Sierra Leone needs KKY.

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